The Path to Discipleship
1Pe 2:4-5 (ESV) 4 As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious, you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
Heb 13:16 (ESV) Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God.
1. Burnt Offering – Total giving of self to God.
Lev 1:9 (ESV) And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar, as a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
Olah Korban – “to go up” or “that which rises” “to bring near” (note: olah related to aliyah)
The whole offering “goes up” – nothing is reserved for the priest or the offerer (note: the hide used for Torah scrolls)
Total abandonment to God – a waste by world’s standard – burning a new car or a $1000 bill
Makes atonement (not about sin) – covering and ransom
Freewill offering (How does God want us to come to Him?) – God does not command but it is required if we want to draw near
Offering is based on what you could afford – a bull, a male sheep or goat, two turtledoves or pigeons (Widow’s mite)
Jesus: He is the one who has ascended. He lived with total abandonment for the Father. (i.e. “…not my will but Your will…”) He is our vicarious substitute. He is our ransom.
Significance for discipleship: Total giving of self to God. (Note: Should this not be normative? Carries a sense of repentance.)
Romans 12:1 (ESV) I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.
Luke 14:25-35 (ESV) 25 Now great crowds accompanied him, and he turned and said to them, 26 “If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be my disciple. 27 Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple. 28 For which of you, desiring to build a tower, does not first sit down and count the cost, whether he has enough to complete it? 29 Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish, all who see it begin to mock him, 30 saying, ‘This man began to build and was not able to finish.’ 31 Or what king, going out to encounter another king in war, will not sit down first and deliberate whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him who comes against him with twenty thousand? 32 And if not, while the other is yet a great way off, he sends a delegation and asks for terms of peace. 33 So therefore, any one of you who does not renounce all that he has cannot be my disciple. 34 “Salt is good, but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? 35 It is of no use either for the soil or for the manure pile. It is thrown away. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”
2. Grain Offering– Recognition of the Body and Blood of the Messiah.
(KJV – meat offering – not meat but food)
Lev 2:1-2 (ESV) 1″When anyone brings a grain offering as an offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour. He shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it and bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests. And he shall take from it a handful of the fine flour and oil, with all of its frankincense, and the priest shall burn this as its memorial portion on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
Lev 2:6 (ESV) You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.
Minchah Korban – a “gift” or “tribute” “to bring near”
Only major category not an animal
Grain – usually wheat – could be flour, baked, or pan fried.
Must be unleavened – matzah
Anointed with oil and offered with frankincense
Broken into pieces – memorial portion on the altar – remainder was broken for the priests
Most Holy – for priest in Tabernacle
Could not last more than three days
Presented by itself and with every other offering with a wine libation
How draw near with no blood – Lev 2:1 – Hebrew “anyone” is “nefesh”
Yeshua: He is the bread of life. He was born in Bethlehem – Beit Lechem – House of Bread. Men from east brought frankincense. He is the Anointed One. He is unleavened or without sin or corruption. He is the bread come down from heaven. At last Passover Seder, He broke the bread and shared it as a memorial.
Significance for discipleship: Through the broken body and spilled blood of Yeshua that we enter into covenant relationship with God. Foundation to every step in discipleship.
Luke 22:19-20 (ESV) 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
3. Peace Offering – Priority of Fellowship with God and Man
Lev 3:1 (ESV) “If his offering is a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offers an animal from the herd, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.
Shelamim Korban – “peace, wholeness, completeness, in fellowship” “to bring near”
Unblemished herd or flock animal
Many types of peace offerings – thanksgiving offerings, votive offerings (had to do with the making of vows), freewill offerings, Passover lambs, etc.
Offering is split three ways: specific parts for God, specific parts for priest, and the rest for the offerer.
Symbolized a shared meal between the offerer, the priesthood, and God.
Represents peace and mutual goodwill between God and the offerer.
Opportunity for the Israelite to share in the Lord’s table.
Fellowship between God and man – the whole point of the Tabernacle
Jesus: He shares both the mortal nature of man and the divine nature of God. His sacrifice brings peace between God and man. He is our source of peace – both the peace of God and peace with God. His sacrifice brings us to the table of the Lord. He is the Passover Lamb (which represents not a sin offering – but redemption). He, being the Peace offering, is really amazing when you combine it with the grain and wine offering – Passover symbolism.
Significance for discipleship: Emphasizes the necessity to have fellowship with both God and man in order to be a disciple.
Act 2:42 (ESV) And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.
1Jn 1:3 (ESV) that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ.
1Jn 1:7 (ESV) But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.
4. Sin Offering – Spiritual discipline to find the impure in our lives.
Lev 4:1-2 (ESV) 1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, If anyone sins unintentionally in any of the LORD’s commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them,
Chataat Korban – “sin or purification” “to bring near”
The animal depended on who was bringing it.
The specifics of the offering depended on the animal and who was bringing it.
Brought for purification on the occasion of unintentional sins
Did not forgive sin, removed the “stain” (Note: writer of Hebrews – cannot cleanse for sin – Also note: remember it is about Temple centric worship. Sin is only forgiven by grace and repentance.)
Even unintentional sin separates from God – it violates His righteousness.
Jesus: His death and resurrection provides cleansing from sin. The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. (John the Baptist) The Messiah was offered once to bear the sins of many. (Hebrews) Just as the blood was sprinkled, we have been sprinkled.
Significance for discipleship: Spiritual discipline to find the impure in our lives.
Psalm 139:23-24 (ESV) 23 Search me, O God, and know my heart! Try me and know my thoughts! 24 And see if there be any grievous way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting!
2Co 5:21 (ESV) For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
5. Guilt Offering – Spiritual discipline to keep short accounts with God and man.
Lev 5:15 (ESV) “If anyone commits a breach of faith and sins unintentionally in any of the holy things of the LORD, he shall bring to the LORD as his compensation, a ram without blemish out of the flock, valued in silver shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering.
Asham Korban – “indemnity” or “reparation” “to bring near”
Sub-category of the sin offering
Very similar to the sin offering
Specifically for restitution
Offering in conjunction with restitution
Symbolizes that when we sin against others, we also sin against God
Jesus: He is our Asham – our indemnity – our reparation to God – our restitution to God. Without Him, we have no way of ever making restitution to God.
Significance for discipleship: Spiritual discipline to keep short accounts with God and man.
1Jn 1:9 (ESV) If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Mat 6:14-15 (ESV) 14 For if you forgive others their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you, 15 but if you do not forgive others their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Mat 18:21-35 (ESV) 21 Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?” 22 Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven. 23 “Therefore the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his servants. 24 When he began to settle, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents. 25 And since he could not pay, his master ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made. 26 So the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ 27 And out of pity for him, the master of that servant released him and forgave him the debt. 28 But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’ 29 So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’ 30 He refused and went and put him in prison until he should pay the debt. 31 When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their master all that had taken place. 32 Then his master summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. 33 And should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’ 34 And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers, until he should pay all his debt. 35 So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother from your heart.”
1 To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba. Have mercy on me, O God, according to your steadfast love; according to your abundant mercy blot out my transgressions.
2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin!
3 For I know my transgressions, and my sin is ever before me.
4 Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgment.
5 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.
6 Behold, you delight in truth in the inward being, and you teach me wisdom in the secret heart.
7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
8 Let me hear joy and gladness; let the bones that you have broken rejoice.
9 Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.
10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me.
11 Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me.
12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with a willing spirit.
13 Then I will teach transgressors your ways, and sinners will return to you.
14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, O God of my salvation, and my tongue will sing aloud of your righteousness.
15 O Lord, open my lips, and my mouth will declare your praise.
16 For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering.
17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
18 Do good to Zion in your good pleasure; build up the walls of Jerusalem;
19 then will you delight in right sacrifices, in burnt offerings and whole burnt offerings; then bulls will be offered on your altar.
Covenant Groups: Small groups that discuss the foundation of our covenant with God and each other.
HaYesod: Foundation class that discusses the Biblical foundation of our faith from its roots.
Basic Accountability Groups: Small groups that walk in accountability with each other to develop basic spiritual disciplines.